|Training course - Chapter 7|
Automation central (HUB)
As briefly explained in the chapter on "central automation (HUB)“, The commands that can be executed in the domotic environment are typically conveyed by“ final management tools ”, that is the interfacing that the end user uses in the ordinary, daily use of the home automation system.
The two main types of final management tools are essentially two: personal device (smartphone, tablet, computer etc.) and the personal assistants / smart speakers.
- Staff device
- Personal assistants / smart speakers
The main "personal device"Used in home automation are smartphone e tablet. Computers can also be used to control home automation, but we will focus on them ad hoc.
Col profirst mobile operating system "Android“, In use in most smartphones and tablets on the market, to date Google has not yet made a real e-user available profirst "domotic environment" understood as a single control console to govern / command / automate the components of the profirst home automation.
Where the home automation components available on the market (whatever BRIDGE, sensors, actuators, devices) present the logo on the left, it will therefore be necessary to download theappdedicated indication in order to configure and control these components.
Returning to the example of BRIDGE/ line actuators Philips HUE done previously, there is a corresponding one for the Android world appmobile download that can be downloaded from the Google Play Store, called forappanointed "Philips HUE". Another example comes from the line of sensors and thermal actuators of the Netatmo line, who have in theapplation "Netatmo Energy”The corresponding final management tool, and so on.
These appns they are crucial for the use of certain components (of thelumination, for example), while some are more autonomous and appLicenses are only secondary (eg. thermostats). Basically, these applicenses are necessary, but there are still autonomous "islands": compared to the two previous examples and if you have both lines proIf you want to check one, you will need to use the related one applished here; for the other, the other. It is not much proBlema, but this prevents organizing scenarios and automatisms more complex, of the type
When I get home, turn on the lights and set the temperature to 20 degrees Celsius.
For this "proBlema " there is a solution, but we'll talk about it later.
The issue in the field Appit is, for a change, different.
It is first of all correct to explain how the discourse done above on the Google environment is valid, in the same way, for the field Apple: any home automation component that presents the logo on the left makes available, on theAppthe stores, a profor consideration applished here useful for the configuration and use of the component itself. Similarly, to control components of different productors will need to use different appns.
So why two different analyzes for two environments apparently the same?
Simple: because, for theappanointed, they are not to the end.
Starting from the version “8" of the profirst operating system for iPhone and iPad ("iOS"), Apphas in fact decided to tackle it in a very structured way prothe topic of home automation He gave life, in fact, al prosoftware and certification program Appthe HomeKits.
Appthe HomeKits is a series of technical specifications, dedicated to promanufacturers of home automation components, aimed at standardizing (in key Appthe) the functionnameof the components themselves, of whatever type they are. These indications, once respected to the letter, allow the components on sale to bear the following logo:
Apple, in each profirst iOS device (from version 8 onwards) - iPhone or iPad - presents aapp native, call "Houses" (or "Home"), in which to concentrate the control and management of all certified devices Appthe HomeKits.
With the advent of such app (and of this certification), in fact, Apphe wanted to create, through i profirst devices, a single element that acts as:
- final management tool for all devices (HomeKit certified, clear)
- automation center (HUB)
- remote management
Simply put: unlike Google, Appallows the users of the propri smartphone and tablet to use home automation components of different nature and different proproducers directly at a single interface and a single automation center (HUB) included in the profirst end management tool (s).
An intelligent personal assistant is basically a device capable of interacting with the voice (receive verbal commands and respond in natural language) e prosee various functions, such as reproplay music, create to-do lists, set alarms, stream podcasts, reprocut audio books and provide weather forecasts, traffic information and other real-time information, such as news.
Typically, a personal assistant can also control different home automation devices, and can do so by receiving voice commands such as "turn on the light", Or"adjust the temperature to 21 degrees" etc.
The "physical" counterpart of a personal assistant is usually one smart speaker, or a "intelligent speaker”In a position to reproto play music but also to listen to "the voice of the master" and to react as explained above.
The world of personal assistants and smart speakers is divided into three large branded sets respectively Amazon, Google e Apple.
Amazon Alexa is an intelligent personal assistant developed by the US company Amazon.
The physical counterpart of Amazon Alexa is in the devices called Amazon Echo, for sale at the online store Amazon. These devices are configured like any other smart speaker; the peculiarity of Alexa is the completeness of the commands, the great variety of domotic components that it can control and especially the existence of Alexa Skills, or "extensions" freely feasible from prodevelopers of domotic components (but also by individual developers), useful for extending, appthe ability of Alexa to control.
Google Assistant is the solution Google on the subject of personal assistants. This solution is similar, in functionality and mechanisms, to Amaxon Alexa; the physical declination is in the devices Google Home (Home, Mini and Max) as well as in a list of additional devices proproduced by third parties. As in the case of Amazon Alexa Skills, Google presents a set of defined extensions Actions. The spread of individually controllable devices is very wide.
Appthe Syrians is the personal assistant of Apple. This component is available natively in every device AppiOS (iPhone and iPad) prolearned from the 2010 onwards. The first smart speaker created was also introduced in the 2018 Apple, called Appthe HomePod.
Being fully integrated with HomeKit (extensively described above), it is able to control not only the individual domotic components compatible with this standard, but also to drive entire automations configured at theapplished here Appthe Home of iOS.
Apple Amazon Software HomeKit (closed system) Skills (open system) Actions (open system) Voice assistant Siri (iOS) Alexa (Android and iOS) Google Assistant (Android and iOS) devices Appthe HomePod Amazon Echo (and others compatible) Google Home (and others compatible) App Mobile Home (iOS) Alexa (Android and iOS) Google Home (Android and iOS)