This awareness, prosurely, he will also have brought to the choice compared to which HUB implement: Homebridge, Home Assistant, openHAB, Domoticz, Homey: one of these, certainly, will be the platform on which to build a home automation from scratch or where to welcome that already pre-existing at home.
What are the steps to take?
First: START THEHUB
It will seem trivial, but first of all it is necessary to start theHUB.
Unless you have opted for a turnkey solution like Homey, independently we chose to test it on Windows/Mac or run it directly on Raspberry Pi, it will be useful (and motivating) to become familiar with the basic installation of theHUB.
At the "guide”(Top of page) are available several links which illustrate how to start your home automation environment for the first time.
For Home Assistant (the'HUB most used) we have made available two very important pages:
- First steps with Home Assistant: where to start
- Home Assistant su Raspberry Pi: the various installations, things to do
over, of course, the index dedicated to it.
After "doing theHUB"It will be necessary to understand if we really have nothing at home that possesses a domotic soul or a soul in itself virtually home automation. The potential lies in the possibility of using alternative techniques to make home automation something that wouldn't be; on this very important issue is the reading of the card "domotize the non domotic"
As for what might be home automation in itself, a good clue is usually the technology used of the components you have available. The following technologies (usually indicated in the user manuals) rappthey give an important clue:
A good idea is to go to Google and look for the name of the prolearned alongside the name of theHUB chosen: for example, if I have light bulbs Philips Hue and I chose Home Assistant How HUB, looking for "Philips Hue Home Assistant"On Google I will easily find any software components that allow me to manage the component at my site HUB.
THIRD: PURCHASE planning
Once you understand what I have available and what I can or can't use in home automation, it's time to understand what am I missing, when I can and I want to invest and in what times. The beauty of personal home automation is, in fact, the possibility of "mounting" it, over time, like a lego. Every piece in its place, in the profirst times.
Home automation components can be the most disparate; obviously their implementation is linked to the housing reality in which it is planned to place them.
|TIPOLOGIA||Consigliati come “da avere”||Consigliati come “opzionali”|
|Strumenti di gestione finale|
The first thing to do is to have a sensory system (elementary) such as to provide us with useful information not only to get an instant idea of what is happening at home, but also to provide us with the historical trend of certain measures.
The first two sensors we recommend warmly to implement are that of temperature and relative humidity (usually it is a single sensor), possibly one in each room.
- Xiaomi Aqara SMART HOME temperature, humidity and pressure sensor (about 10 euro - it includes a one-time purchase of a BRIDGE/Gateway ZigBee)
- Broadlin A1 e-Air multisensor temperature, humidity, air quality, luminosiness and noise (about 35 euro);
- Sonoff TH-16 / 10 switch equipped with temperature and humidity sensor (from change).
Our favorite is definitely the first one Xiami Aqara, as a matter of cost, ease of implementation, reliability and integrability.
"Virtual sensors" means sensors that do not have to proreadings from one or more physical devices connected in the home profirst, but from give procoming from the Internet.
External temperature and humidity, weather forecasts, informationnamento: all information that can be updated almost in real time from external sources. An example is given by the platform Darksky for Home Assistant, which appanointed weather data from the network.
Virtual sensors are mostly completely free, so it's a good idea to equip yourself with these indicators right away.
Well, the lights are a world and so many solutions are possible.
First of all it is a question of understanding whether the will is to switch the lights on / off or even to adjust them. Proputting gods FOCUS ad hoc, on this occasion we would like to suggest:
- family of actuators ITEAD Sonoff Smart Home (for switching on / off);
- family of actuators Shelly Home Automation Systems (for switching on / off);
- LED controller Wi-Fi Magic Home (for the multicolored, adjustable LED strips / globes);
- Line Philips Hue based on ZigBee;
- Nanoleaf Canvas.
The actuators Sonoff/ Shelly are often also indicated in other home automation sectors for functions not strictly related to thelumination. It is indeed possible to use them, for example, to domotize an independent heating system without using a home automation thermostat.
Home automation lights, even if spectacular, are by no means the first thing to be introduced in home automation. This statement could be surprising, but it is our point of view. Better to master another, before embarking on this aspect.
HEATING AND COOLING
Thermostats and intelligent heads not only fall naturally in a domotic environment, but are also recommended for those who want to save and manage their proits own independent or centralized heating system.
While the thermostat it's a must for anyone who owns an independent heating system, The heads they are more so for those who use a centralized warming. While in the second case the thermostat is completely useless, in the first case the heads can be a plus to obtain an even more efficient system in thermoregulation. As explained in the "Lights" section, an alternative is to domotize an independent heating system without using a home automation thermostat, but a simple actuator a clean contact.
As thermostats and heads we know:
- Intelligent thermostat| tado° (about 180 euro);
- Thermostatic Head Intelligent | tado° (about 100 euro in kit, single 70);
- Bluetooth Thermostatic Head | Eqiva (about 20 euros each);
- Eurotronic Thermostatic Head Genius LCD 100 (on the 30 around euro).
In case of having a air conditioning (able to deliver heat, but also cold in summer), the roads to domotize it are mainly two: use the home automation functions already present in the factory, or use a convenience infrared emitter which, once properly configured, can allow home automation to send infrared codes like the original remote control, effectively domotizing the appliance.
In the infrared area, our advice falls (almost physiologically) on:
- Broadlink RM Mini 4 (around 20 euros);
- Broadlink RM Pro/Pro+ (around 40 euros) - also receives and emits radio codes.
Otherwise there are infrared actuators that are easier to implement but more expensive:
Always through infrared it is possible, often and willingly, to domotize a fan heater (for the bathroom or not), as explained in this proexample cast.
|The merit of the heating issue, we strongly advise you to take a look at theOPEN BOARD dedicated to it.|
Even safety, like lights, is a sector to be analyzed by itself, for a matter of complexity and variability based on expectations and budget.
As a basis, it is good to have sensors that at least alert the home automation (and therefore the user) of the opening status of the gates. This is why we would like to advise you or the opening sensors of the Xiaomi family Smart Home (which can link to the same BRIDGE/Gateway of the aforementioned temperature sensors).
Another important aspect is the possibility of interrupting / guaranteeing the supply of water and / or gas: for this reason it is sufficient to buy solenoid valves to which appactuators (such as those indicated in the "Lights" section). An example is reported in this projet.
Once chosen the proprio HUB personal, the primary thing is to implement it and make it operational.
Once this is done we will begin to enrich it with i propri components, which will not necessarily have to be implemented en bloc, but it will be possible to gradually integrate them on the basis of profirst time and investment choices.
The first, great results with little expense are those related to the implementation of:
- temperature sensors;
- virtual weather sensors;
- infrared / radio actuators (for domotizing conditioners but also fan heaters, TV, Hi-Fi systems ...);
- thermostats and / or thermostatic heads.
This is because with little effort there profirst "smarthome" begins to take shape.
It will then be the responsibility of those who manage it to improve not just the various components but, above all, the automations that allow it to literally take life.
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