With this first card we define a new category of content, i OPEN BOARD: it is a particular type, here on inDomus, marked by the characteristic of being community oriented.
It is, in fact, of an experiment. Given that some themes tend to be very complex and often very scattered on the net, we want to offer the community of appassionati information gathering points relating to specific topics that are enriched probased on the specific user experience.
With each OPEN BOARD we will launch a specific theme, leaving community users free to express themselves - via page comments - on their own profirst, direct experience, thus creating a tangle of contents useful to anyone who comes later who, in turn, can provide personal advice and / or experience, as well as find interlocutors with whom to confront.
The theme of this OPEN BOARD are the personal tactics and strategies put in place at the profirst home automation, in the field of domestic heating.
This theme, as is known, is particularly articulated and variable in terms of solutions, management policies and technologies (heating as well as home automation). The environments are not all the same at all: they vary in size, use, environment in which they are located, number of inhabitants, degree of thermal efficiency and more. It goes without saying that the solutions can be the most diverse: a big watershed, for example, is in the type of heating system: centralized or autonomous. Usually those who have a centralized system are in a certain sense facilitated, since the "only" concern is related to the regulation of radiators (or radiators, or heaters if you prefer) domestic ones; on the other hand, a completely different approach must be taken in the presence of autonomous systems, which combine the complexity of the precise regulation of the proheat production.
We share some key points related to the functionnameof a thermostat intelligent, that it is dedicated to the switching on / off of an autonomous system or that it is more simply a thermostatic valve for the regulation of a radiator.
These devices are simply limited to compare two temperatures: that of the environment and that of the regulation that has been set (automatically or manually): if the first is less than the second, they "activate the heat". The concept of "activation" varies according to the type. Setting the heating to 35 degrees does not necessarily mean take it to 35, but only that the temperature above which the heating turns off is 35 degrees.
THERMOSTATS FOR INDEPENDENT HEATING
An intelligent thermostat for independent heating, when "activates the heat", in fact activates the thermal plant which begins at prolast, for theappgrease, heat. This plant can be a radiator system, but also an electric inverter or other technologies. In the most traditional case it is proheat and circulate hot water inside the radiators: the temperature of this water (which acts more or less quickly in heating the room the higher its temperature is) can be regulated by the thermostat itself, by setting automatic or manual (in case of new generation boilers, compatible with the standard OpenTherm) or, upstream, by regulating the boiler. Regardless of the water temperature issue, the thermostat's role is that to start the proheat production according, appanointed, to verify the temperature of the environment and its regulation (and, not least, the presence of the occupants).
THERMOSTATS FOR CENTRAL HEATING
In this case we mainly talk about thermostatic valves (or head, or head). Usually the temperature of a radiator is given by the temperature of the water that passes through it: the regulation of how much it passes through it, traditionally, by rotating the manual thermostatic valve, something we have learned since we were children to play pranks on our parents. The electronic and home automation thermostatic valves are like an invisible hand that opens / closes more or less (in short, regola) the valve in our place, based on the ambient temperature. If the temperature at which the head is regulated is greater than the ambient temperature, the valve is opened; upon reaching and / or exceeding, the valve closes. Easy to understand.
Given that with the advent of allocators to attribute the correct heating costs to tenants it is now a fact, the use of intelligent thermostatic valves saves a lot of money, especially through the self-closing of the valves in case of absence, great functionality introduced by the adoption of personal domotics: enough-waste-useless.
Sometimes it happens to be in situations where both elements mentioned above are useful: let's say we have the luck to live in a apprather large building, with several radiators and with one proautonomous heat production: a central thermostat that starts the proheat generation is essential, as it may secondarily be useful to have an intelligent thermostatic head on each of the radiators, which can possibly communicate with the central thermostat. Why? Simple: during the proheat generation, at certain times of the day, heating certain areas of the house may be unnecessary and expensive (more hot water runs through theappartamento, more consumption to keep it warm). Introducing home automation technologies allows us to adjust the temperature of the rooms punctually without throwing money away.
The key to warming up an environment is planning, sometimes also called proming. By planning we mean what time we want to reach a given temperature in the environment in which the thermostat has fallen. The schedules can be the most disparate, from the simplest ones (“every day from 8 to 23, 20 °, from 23 to 8 16 °“) To the more complex ones, which provide different temperature ranges based on the days of the week.
Il proproblem is, if anything, what strategies to use to define and implement these plans.
There are many roads, which is why we started this specific OPEN BOARD, especially when they are used HUB personal for the centralization of the profirst personal home automation.
There are indeed many possibilities: usually, in the case of thermostats for switching on the thermal power plants in the plants autonomous, proproblem is easily solved: mostly these devices have aapp mobile that allows to define the punctual planning (for example i Tado); in case these thermostats are then integrated into a HUB personal, it will inherit the states (set temperature, various modes, etc.). Similar speech when used thermostatic heads, but in this second case these elements are often not available applicenses to instruct them on their planning, which creates a certain doubt proBlema. Consider for example the thermostatic heads based on protocolli like Zigbee e Z-Wave: these, unless they are linked to a gateway of the same line (for example as in the case of the line FIBARO) and ad appad hoc licenses, can only be controlled by a HUB that integrates them, but at this point the planning will be carried out via automations, scripts and more. In fact, let's say we have integrated, by way of example, elements such as those described so far with thepersonale HUB Home Assistant and therefore to have entities "Climate"Not pre-planned (nor can be planned) with aapp ad hoc: how do I carry out my planning? And if I also have additional elements (for example an inverter) that I can and want to use in concert with more classic heating?
Is this getting complicated? Yes, and that's why we started this OPEN BOARD.
In conclusion, what we ask you is: how you do it?
If you want to tell us in the comments to this OPEN BOARD, below:
- How producete heat, if it is producete;
- how you manage its distribution;
- what types of thermostats used;
- if you integrate them into a HUB personnel;
- if you plan them through it, or through aapp external - and if so, how (technically).
In short: explain to us how you solved - or how you are solving - the age-old question of domestic heating in ... it was home automation.
Other topics covered in OPEN BOARD:
- OPEN BOARD: anti-intrusion / alarm systems and personal home automation 🚨
- OPEN BOARD: Tactics and home automation strategies for heating management ⛄️